The coronavirus pandemic was the ascendant planetary communicative successful 2020, but different quality impacted the LGBTQ assemblage astir the satellite implicit the past year. Here are our picks for apical 10 planetary stories of 2020.
No. 10: Anti-democracy crackdown looms implicit Hong Kong Gay Games
Organizers of the 2022 Gay Games that are slated to instrumentality spot successful Hong Kong importune the lawsuit volition instrumentality spot arsenic scheduled, contempt ongoing quality rights abuses successful the erstwhile British colony.
Hong Kong’s pro-Beijing authorities continues to people pro-democracy protesters. The U.S. and different countries person criticized the crackdown.
Shiv Paul, a spokesperson for the Federation of Gay Games, which volition oversee the games, successful November told the Blade the Gay Games Hong Kong 2022 committee has a contingency program that volition code “potential scenarios/risks specified arsenic an ongoing pandemic, societal unrest oregon unseasonal upwind events.” The games’ opening ceremonial is scheduled to instrumentality spot connected Nov. 12, 2022.
No. 9: Sudan repeals decease punishment for homosexuality
Sudan successful July repealed a proviso of its Penal Code that imposed the decease punishment upon anyone recovered blameworthy of engaging successful consensual same-sex intersexual relations.
Article 148 of the Sudanese Penal Code from 1991 said anyone who is convicted of sodomy 3 times “shall beryllium punished with death, oregon with beingness imprisonment.” Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, seat of Sudan’s Sovereignty Council, which was created successful 2019 to govern the state connected an interim ground aft then-President Omar al-Bashir’s ouster, approved the removal of the decease punishment proviso from Article 148.
Saudi Arabia and Iran are among the fistful of countries successful which consensual same-sex intersexual relations stay punishable by death.
Lawmakers successful Bhutan connected Dec. 10 voted to amend portions of their country’s Penal Code that person been utilized to criminalize homosexuality. The amendment volition go instrumentality erstwhile King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck signs it.
No. 8: Costa Rica becomes archetypal Central American state with matrimony equality
Costa Rica connected May 26 became the archetypal state successful Central America to widen matrimony rights to same-sex couples.
Two women became the archetypal same-sex mates to legally wed successful Costa Rica erstwhile they exchanged vows successful the municipality of Heredia soon aft midnight. President Carlos Alvarado Quesada is among those who celebrated the historical milestone.
“Today we observe liberty, equality and antiauthoritarian institutions,” tweeted Alvarado. “May empathy and emotion beryllium the motivation compass that allows america to determination guardant and physique a state wherever everyone belongs.”
No. 7: Anti-LGBTQ crackdown successful Poland draws planetary condemnation
The Polish government’s continued anti-LGBTQ crackdown sparked planetary outrage successful 2020.
Police implicit the summertime arrested Margot Szutowicz, a non-binary person, 3 times. One of the arrests stems from charges she allegedly damaged a motortruck promoting anti-LGBTQ messages and assaulted a pro-life demonstrator connected June 2.
President Andrzej Duda successful the pb up to the Polish statesmanlike predetermination said LGBTQ “ideology” is much harmful than communism.
Duda connected June 24 met with President Trump astatine the White House. Duda connected July 12 won re-election.
No. 6: ICE releases Blade contributor from Cuba
A Blade contributor who was successful U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement custody for astir a twelvemonth was released connected March 4.
An migration justice successful September 2019 granted Yariel Valdés González asylum based connected the persecution helium suffered successful Cuba due to the fact that helium was an autarkic journalist. The Board of Immigration Appeals connected Feb. 28 dismissed an entreaty of the judge’s ruling.
“I truly consciousness that I americium live now,” Valdés told the Blade aft helium reunited with his aunt and uncle successful Miami. “It is simply a fantastic feeling to consciousness escaped and to beryllium capable to instrumentality power of your beingness and supra each knowing that you volition not beryllium persecuted again due to the fact that of your ideas oregon your work.”
Valdés present lives with his fellow successful Wilton Manors, Fla., and continues to lend to the Blade.
No. 5: U.N. calls for planetary conversion therapy prohibition
The U.N. successful July formally called for a prohibition connected alleged conversion therapy.
Victor Madrigal-Borloz, the autarkic U.N. adept connected LGBTQ issues, submitted a study with 130 submissions connected practices and testimonies of victims who person experienced conversion therapy from civilian nine organizations, faith-based organizations, aesculapian practitioners and individuals.
Germany, Brazil, Ecuador, Malta and Taiwan person each banned the wide discredited practice. Maryland, D.C. and Virginia are among the U.S. jurisdictions that prohibition conversion therapy for minors.
A national appeals tribunal successful November ruled bans connected conversion therapy for minors successful the Florida cities of Boca Raton and Palm Beach are unconstitutional nether the First Amendment.
No. 4: Trump policies further endanger LGBTQ migrants, asylum seekers
The Trump administration’s hardline migration argumentation continued to enactment LGBTQ migrants and asylum seekers astatine adjacent much hazard successful 2020.
Three constabulary officers successful El Salvador who were convicted of murdering Camila Díaz Córdova, a transgender pistillate who the U.S. deported successful 2017 aft she fled anti-LGBTQ violence, were sentenced to 20 years successful situation connected July 28.
Activists accidental LGBTQ asylum seekers who are forced to await the result of their cases successful Mexico nether the Trump administration’s “return to Mexico” (MPP) argumentation puts them astatine accrued hazard of unit and quality trafficking. A Human Rights Watch study notes the closure of the U.S.-Mexico borderline successful March near asylum seekers “to endure persecution successful their location countries oregon successful Mexico.
People with HIV, among different susceptible groups, who were successful ICE custody successful 2020 were besides astatine accrued hazard for the coronavirus arsenic the pandemic dispersed passim the U.S.
No. 3: Pope Francis publically supports civilian unions
LGBTQ Catholics and activists astir the satellite successful October welcomed Pope Francis’ nationalist enactment of civilian unions for same-sex couples.
Francis made the comments successful “Francesco,” a documentary astir his beingness that debuted astatine the Rome Film Festival connected Oct. 21.
Francis DeBernardo, enforcement manager of the Maryland-based New Ways Ministry, described Francis’ comments arsenic a “historic moment” that “signals that the religion is continuing to make much positively its attack to LGBTQ issues.” Esteban Paulón, an activistic successful Argentina, noted Francis “in backstage expressed his support” for civilian unions for same-sex couples during the matrimony equality statement successful his homeland earlier helium became pope.
The Vatican’s code toward LGBTQ Catholics has go much mean nether Francis’ papacy. Church teachings connected homosexuality and sex individuality stay unchanged.
No. 2: Biden predetermination celebrated astir the satellite
President-elect Biden’s predetermination successful November renewed hopes the U.S. volition erstwhile again champion LGBTQ rights overseas successful an impactful way.
The incoming medication has said Biden volition “immediately appoint” a peculiar LGBTQ rights envoy astatine the State Department and a peculiar coordinator astatine the U.S. Agency for International Development to grip the aforementioned issues. Biden has, among different things, besides pledged to usage the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Act to authorisation those liable for anti-LGBTQ rights abuses.
Former U.S. Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell led the Trump administration’s inaugural that encouraged countries to decriminalize homosexuality, but galore LGBTQ activists astir the satellite remained highly skeptical of it.
“The satellite is crying retired for much compassionate, mature, visionary, unifying and empathetic leaders, and we present look to President-elect Biden and Vice President-elect Harris to beryllium an example,” ILGA World Executive Director André du Plessis told the Blade aft the election.
No. 1: Coronavirus sweeps the satellite
The coronavirus pandemic had a devastating interaction connected LGBTQ radical astir the satellite successful 2020.
The immense bulk of Pride celebrations took spot virtually, with Global Pride drafting an assemblage of much than 57 cardinal radical connected June 27. Ecuador is among the countries successful which advocacy groups launched alleviation efforts to assistance LGBTQ radical wage their rent and bargain nutrient and different basal supplies during coronavirus lockdowns.
The pandemic further exacerbated existing economic, societal and radical inequalities. Efforts to curb the dispersed of the coronavirus — specified arsenic “pico y género” rules successful Panamá, Colombia and Perú that allowed radical to permission their homes connected definite days based connected their sex — sparked disapproval among transgender activists who felt they caused further favoritism based connected sex identity.